Historically, Swiss companies have enjoyed a zero tax regime for capital gains and dividend income.
Trading companies, however, have always attracted a local canton (region) tax rate. The new tax changes focus on trading profits.
New Corporate Tax Rate - Geneva
As from January 2020, the corporate tax rate (combined federal and cantonal tax) for all companies in Geneva, will be 13.99%.
The … more
IN596 The Advantages Of Using A Swiss Company To Hold Investments Owned By Turkish Residents Or Companies
Turkish shareholders with foreign portfolio investments, should consider owning these investments through a Swiss company, in particular if these investments are held in Switzerland.
What are the Key Advantages?
a) Profit, taxed in Switzerland, will be at a rate of between 10.1% … more
Nevis is a modern, forward-thinking financial centre located within the Eastern Caribbean. It has a unique history of legislative and fiscal independence and is at the forefront in providing practical solutions to an increasingly mobile and international client base.
Nevis has developed a number of attractive options, over the years, to meet corporate and individual needs, allowing clients to … more
San Cristóbal y Nieves es un centro financiero moderno y con visión de futuro situado en el este del Caribe. Tiene una historia singular de independencia legislativa y fiscal y está a la vanguardia de proporcionar soluciones prácticas a una base de clientes internacionales cada vez más móvil.
San Cristóbal y Nieves ha desarrollado un número de opciones atractivas en los últimos años para hacer … more
When buying a property in the UK over a certain price, stamp duty is payable.
Since 1st March 2019 UK Stamp Duty (SDLT) must be paid to HMRC within 14 days of completion, or the purchaser may be subject to a penalty.
There is a fixed penalty of £100 for returns filed up to three months late, increasing to £200 for returns which are filed more than three months late.
What is UK Stamp Duty? … more
Malta has established itself as an innovative island.
Practical, workable regulations have been successfully introduced for gaming and blockchain/crypto businesses and Malta is now preparing for the next generation of development within the financial service sector. New initiatives include Malta ‘FinTech Vision 2021’ and the ‘Artificial Intelligence Project’.
FinTech Vision 2021 … more
Why a Portuguese Golden Visa?
The Portuguese Golden Visa scheme enables non-EU individuals to obtain the right to reside in Portugal for up to five years. This allows them and their family to travel freely to and from the majority of European countries.
A Portuguese Golden Visa can lead to permanent residence and/or Portuguese citizenship and the right to a EU passport at the end of the fifth … more
Malta is one of the countries most advanced in terms of legislation regarding crypto-currencies and has developed a pragmatic approach in relation to the taxation of this asset type.
The Malta Commissioner for Revenue has issued three guidelines regarding the tax treatment of distributed ledger technology (‘DLT’) assets. Each of the guidelines relates to a different tax: income tax, … more
IN588 Increasing Demand For Malta Freeport Services And Regulation Of Malta Free Zones To Promote Further Expansion
Malta’s Strategic Location in the Mediterranean
Malta is a country located in a strategic position in the middle of the Mediterranean. Due to its location Malta has been a major centre for maritime operations for generations. This historical heritage and robust transport links, via air and sea, help to make Malta an ideal hub to establish an international company.
Malta’s strategic geographical … more
In February 2019 the Cyprus Council of Ministers approved revisions to the Cyprus Citizenship by Investment Programme. These changes include the addition of contributions to research and development within Cyprus and to fund affordable housing on the Island.
Changes with Immediate Effect
Three changes to the programme came into effect immediately:
The minimum amount of time for which the … more
What is a Family Investment Company and Why Have One?
As anti-avoidance legislation aimed at trusts, is increasing, people are looking for alternatives to protect a family’s fortune. Whilst many people are happy to pass ownership to others they often wish to retain control.
Family investment companies (“FICs”) are being used increasingly by wealthy families to protect their family fortunes. … more
Dixcart Expertise in Relation to Wealth Structures
The Dixcart Group has over forty-five years’ experience in assisting clients to run and manage Family Offices.
We are very familiar with the issues facing families in this ever-changing international world and have extensive experience in providing trustee services in a number of jurisdictions.
We take time to establish and develop close … more
On Thursday 28 March 2019, Dixcart hosted its Annual Tax and Trust Seminar; this year titled: ‘The Future of International Succession Planning’.
Sean Dowden, Managing Director of Dixcart Portugal, chaired the Seminar and began by introducing the Dixcart Group and covering some of the key reasons why succession planning is such a necessity.
The transfer of wealth to the next … more
A new legislative initiative in Malta means that it is now possible to grow and process cannabis (marijuana) in Malta, as long as it is for medical use. This presents an opportunity for entrepreneurs and investors.
Due to its geographical position Malta is also conveniently placed, as a potential distribution hub for medical cannabis.
Entities need to apply to produce and/or process … more
Many foreigners move to Switzerland for its high life quality, outdoor lifestyle, excellent working conditions and business opportunities.
A central location within Europe with a high standard of living, as well as connections to over 200 international locations via regular international flights, also make Switzerland an attractive alternative residence.
Many of the world’s largest … more
Recent interest from the international financial and investment community in Portuguese real estate has motivated the Portuguese Government to introduce a new investment vehicle, exclusively dedicated to real estate investment.
Introduced in February 2019, the ‘Sociedades de Investmento e Gestao Imobiliaria’, (‘SIGI') introduces a number of features generally associated with Real … more
On 7 March 2019, the UK Home Secretary laid Statement of Changes to the UK Immigration Rules before Parliament, with these changes being introduced from 29 March 2019.
The changes primarily concern the closure of the Tier 1 (Graduate Entrepreneur) and Tier 1 (Entrepreneur) categories to new applicants, and these are replaced by the Start-up, and Innovator visa routes. The Tier 1 (Investor) … more
Guernsey is one of the Channel Islands and is situated in the English Channel, close to the French coast of Normandy.
Whilst retaining very close links to Britain, Guernsey is independent from the UK and has its own democratically elected parliament which controls the island's laws, budget and levels of taxation.
What Tax Advantages are Available to Individuals Moving to Guernsey? … more
IN518 - Why the Madeira International Shipping Register (MAR) is so Attractive and the Advantages of Registering a Vessel in Madeira
The objective of the Madeira International Shipping Register (MAR) is to offer a credible alternative to other international registers. The high quality and safety standards of a conventional register have been maintained within an attractive tax environment designed to encourage inward investment to the island of Madeira. Vessels registered with MAR carry the Portuguese flag and are … more
Please note that as a general principle EEA citizens are free to move to other EEA countries. Switzerland is in the Schengen Area and as such EEA citizens can move there and vice versa. The residence schemes detailed (excluding St Kitts & Nevis) are therefore applicable to non-EEA individuals for each of the countries featured.
Please note, however, that where freedom of movement is not the … more
Individuals and families are becoming increasingly mobile and the ability to hold a second passport is becoming more relevant. The Caribbean is an attractive destination for a number of reasons, including the relaxing lifestyle, beautiful scenery and the climate. There are also opportunities to hold a second passport, even if the immediate intention is not to relocate to the Caribbean.
Why do … more
Reform of the taxation of Swiss companies has been on the agenda for a considerable length of time. On 28 September 2018, the final draft of the Federal Act on Tax Reform and "AHV" Financing ("TRAF") was approved by the Swiss Parliament.
AHV is an obligatory payment for every individual over the age of 20 living in Switzerland. It is an insurance for old age and/or for the bereaved. … more
The Archipelago of the Azores is composed of nine volcanic islands and is situated in the North Atlantic, about 1,500 kilometres west of Lisbon. These islands are an autonomous region of Portugal.
What Advantages are Offered by the Azores for Yacht Importation into the EU?
The standard rate of Portuguese VAT is 23% but the Azores benefits from a reduced VAT rate of 18%.
In … more
Like other offshore jurisdictions, Guernsey will be implementing new legislation introducing economic substance requirements for companies in Guernsey. This briefing note sets out key aspects of the Guernsey Government proposed legislation, noting that further, more comprehensive guidance notes, will follow in due course.
The proposed legislation is relevant to all companies … more
The Isle of Man Treasury has published a draft of the proposed Income Tax (Substance Requirements) Order 2018. This draft Order will, once final, and if approved by Tynwald (in December 2018), have effect in respect of accounting periods commencing on or after 1 January 2019.
This means that from January 2019, companies engaging in “relevant activities” will have to demonstrate that they meet … more
The Brazilian and Swiss Governments signed a Double Tax Treaty (DTT) on 3 May 2018.
Switzerland is one of the biggest investors in the Brazilian market and Brazil and Switzerland have already signed an Automatic Exchange of Information Agreement, which came into force on 1 January 2018.
This new treaty, follows current OECD standards, including Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (BEPS) … more
What is a Family Investment Company?
A Family Investment Company (“FIC”) is a company in which the shareholders are family members, often from different generations. FIC’s enable families to pass UK assets out of their individual estates for inheritance tax purposes, whilst retaining control or passing control to professional directors to manage the company. FIC’s also provide asset protection. … more
The Crown Dependencies (Guernsey, Isle of Man and Jersey) have introduced economic substance requirements, for companies incorporated, or resident for tax purposes, in each of these jurisdictions, effective for accounting periods starting on or after 1st January 2019.
This legislation has been designed to meet the high level of commitment made by the Crown Dependencies, in November 20 … more
The UK Budget, as announced on 29 October 2018, put in place certain measures that had previously been announced but not implemented. In addition, it was a more positive Budget than many had anticipated.
The key measures, a number of which will have an impact on individuals investing into the UK from overseas, are detailed below.
Commercial Real Estate
It was confirmed that … more
As detailed in a number of previous Information Notes, there are several different UK visa options available to non-EEA nationals, to come to the UK to live and work.
What is a ‘Representative of an Overseas Business Visa’?
The “Sole Rep Visa” as it is informally known, is a route designed for senior employees who are non-EEA nationals, enabling them to move to the UK and establish … more
Nevis is a leading international Caribbean financial centre with a good reputation and excellent standards.
The jurisdiction of St Kitts & Nevis offers options in terms of international companies, private trustee companies and international trusts and foundations. It also offers an attractive passport scheme (recipients do not need to reside in St Kitts & Nevis), which is of … more
IN553 The Madeira (Portugal) Free Trade Zone - What Tax Benefits Does It Offer And Substance Requirements
The Madeira archipelago is part of Portugal and is located in the Atlantic Ocean, 978 km southwest of Lisbon.
During the past decade, Portugal has taken several steps to enhance its attractiveness to international business and high net worth individuals. Partially thanks to the Non-Habitual Residents tax programme implemented in 2009 and the Golden Visa residency programme introduced … more
South Africa, currently, hits the headlines for the ‘wrong’ reasons but it remains a jurisdiction where investment, in the correct manner, can be attractive.
The South African economy offers a diversity of sectors and industries. It has a modern and extensive transport infrastructure and labour costs are priced competitively.
These factors, together with the country's significant natural … more
IN550 - Visas Available To Non European Economic Area (EEA) Individuals Allowing Them To Work In The UK
There are a number of visas, enabling non-EU individuals to live and work in the UK, that are less well known than the Tier 1 (Entrepreneur) Visa and Tier 2 (General) Visa.
This article considers these options, which include: ‘Representative of an Overseas Business Visa’, ‘Tier 2 Sponsor Licence’, ‘Van der Elst Visa’ and ‘Short-Term Business Trips’. A number of these visas can … more
IN551 - UK Tax Considerations For Short Term Business Visitors To The UK And For Non-UK Resident Directors Of UK Companies
When individuals not resident in the UK are short term business visitors to the UK and/or are directors of UK companies, the individual’s UK tax position needs to be considered carefully. UK tax may be due, but there are a number of options that might reduce or negate the UK tax payable.
Short Term Business Visitors
Short-term business visitors are individuals who are not resident … more
IN549(R) - КЛЮЧЕВЫЕ ПЕРСОНАЛЬНЫЕ ПОДОХОДНЫЕ НАЛОГИ И ПОТЕНЦИАЛЬНЫЕ ПРЕИМУЩЕСТВА ДЛЯ НЕ ДОМИЦИЛИРОВАННЫХ РЕЗИДЕНТОВ СОЕДИНЕННОГО КОРОЛЕВСТВА
Ряд стран предлагают режимы «налогообложения на основе перечисления, чтобы заинтересовать богатых людей в переезде из других стран, таких как Россия. Эти люди известны как «не домицилированные резиденты». Проще говоря, не домицилированный резидент - это человек, который не живет в своей стране «гражданской принадлежности».
Режим перечисления в Соединённом Королевстве является особенно привлек … more
A number of countries offer ‘remittance basis of taxation’ regimes to attract wealthy individuals to re-locate from other countries, such as Russia. These individuals are known as ‘non-doms’. Very simply expressed a non-dom is an individual not living in his/her country of ‘origin’.
The UK remittance regime is a particularly attractive example and although the rules have changed … more
Over the past decade, Malta has consolidated its status as an international, Mediterranean centre of maritime excellence. Currently Malta has the largest shipping register in Europe and the sixth largest in the world. In addition, Malta has become a world leader in terms of commercial yacht registration.
In order to avoid the risk of shipping companies relocating or flagging to low-tax countries … more
The Maltese Government introduced modifications to the remittance basis of taxation on 1 January 2018.
Malta offers an extremely attractive remittance basis, whereby a resident non-domiciled individual is only taxed on foreign income if this income is received in Malta or is earned or arises in Malta.
A Tax Change for Resident Non-Domiciled Individuals
Changes, introduced at the … more
IN545 - Malta's Notional Interest Deduction Regime - Which Types of Company are Most Likely to Benefit?
Malta introduced the Notional Interest Deduction Regime (NID) on 1 January 2018. On 8 August 2018, the Guidelines in relation to NID were updated, in particular the treatment of NID between related companies.
What is NID?
NID is an innovative way in which companies can, in the correct circumstances, reduce their tax liabilities. This option is of greatest interest to companies with large equity … more
The EU Code of Conduct Group (Business Taxation) (“the COCG”) have been working with the Crown Dependencies (Guernsey, Isle of Man and Jersey) to review ‘economic substance’. The EU Code Group concluded that the Isle of Man and Guernsey were compliant with most of the EU principles of good tax governance, including the general principles of “fair taxation”. However, one area that raised concern … more
The Island of Guernsey offers Private Clients confidence in relation to the preservation, protection and growth of their wealth.
Guernsey is a well regulated jurisdiction situated in Europe, between the United Kingdom and France, with excellent travel links to both countries. It is a tax neutral, politically stable jurisdiction with an excellent reputation and a network of multi-jurisdictional … more
IN542 - The Maltese Parliament is Putting in Place the Foundations to Become the 'Blockchain Island'
Malta has, for several decades, been a country committed to new technologies and to welcoming investment in such sectors.
With blockchain it is no different.
At the end of June 2018, the Maltese Parliament unanimously approved three Bills:
The Virtual Financial Assets Bill.
The Technology Arrangements and Services Bill.
The Digital Innovation Authority Bill.
Each of these establishes … more
IN541 - Key Features of the New Double Tax Agreements between the UK and Guernsey, and the UK and the Isle of Man
At the start of July 2018 three new Double Tax Agreements (DTAs) were announced between the UK and the Crown Dependencies (Guernsey, Isle of Man, and Jersey). The three DTAs (from each of the islands) are identical, which was a key aim of the UK Government.
Each of the DTAs cover clauses relating to Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (’BEPS’) and they comply with new international tax standards, … more
The past few years have seen dramatic changes to the taxation of UK residential property for both UK and non-UK residents. Detailed below is a summary of the current position (as of June 2019).
It is important that existing structures (particularly those with foreign company ownership) are continually reviewed to ensure that the anticipated benefits of such structures remain … more
Tax on Rental Profit
Overseas investors who are not tax resident and do not carry on a trade in the UK are only liable to pay basic rate income tax (currently 20%) on rental profits during their period of ownership of a UK commercial investment property.
To achieve the favourable tax treatment outlined above, it is important to use an offshore company to acquire the UK property and that … more
IN536 - Advantages of Cyprus Foreign Interest Companies - Including the Right for Employees to Reside in Cyprus
Background and the Cyprus Permanent Residence Scheme
Cyprus offers a Permanent Residence Scheme whereby individuals are granted permanent residence by acquiring property in Cyprus with a minimum value of €300,000. The Dixcart office in Cyprus can provide comprehensive details regarding the Cyprus Residence Scheme.
This programme is proving popular but is not always appropriate as individuals … more
IN538 - Imminent Introduction of the Portuguese Tonnage Tax Scheme for Ships - What benefits will it offer?
The Portuguese tonnage tax and seafarer scheme was approved by the European Commission on 6 April 2018, in line with EU State aid rules, in particular the Guidelines on State aid to maritime transport. The Portuguese measures will enhance the competitiveness of the Portuguese shipping sector and, simultaneously, protect know-how and jobs in the EU maritime transport sector.
The law proposal had … more
IN535 - Consideration of the Jurisdiction of Nevis for the Control and Management of Companies outside the EU
The Requirement for Substance
In recent times a number of leading European countries have sought to limit the use of holding or associated companies outside the EU.
The main reason given has been the lack of real substance being demonstrated in the countries outside the EU.
A Workable Solution to the Problem
Advantages continue to exist through the use of holding companies outside the EU. … more
HN - Three Bills on ‘Distributed Ledger Technology’ (relating to Crypto Currency and Bitcoin) have been Approved by the Malta Parliament
On 26 June 2018, the Maltese Parliament unanimously approved three Bills.
The Virtual Financial Assets Bill -which provides regulation on virtual currencies and initial coin offerings (ICO)
The Technology Arrangements and Services Bill - which is concerned with the registration and certification of technology service providers
The Digital Innovation Authority Bill– which will establish the … more