• IN379 - The UK – Arguably the Best Location for Corporate Headquarters in Europe

    What the UK Offers as a Tax Efficient Jurisdiction

    One of the UK Government’s key ambitions has been to create the most competitive tax system in the G20.  It has developed strategies to support, rather than hinder, growth and to boost investment. 

    Through the implementation of these strategies the Government is aiming to make the UK the most attractive location for corporate headquarters in … more

  • IN396 - What are the Key Changes to the Taxation of UK Residential Property for Non-UK Tax Residents?

    The approach to the taxation of UK residential property has changed significantly over recent years and further changes have been announced. These changes mean that restructuring should be considered to avoid unnecessary taxation, charges and costs.

    This Information Note summarises the main UK taxes that need to be considered when structuring the ownership of UK residential property by non-UK … more

  • IN351 - Isle of Man Exempt Funds: A Flexible Solution for Family Offices and High Net Worth Individuals

    Isle of Man Exempt Schemes are an attractive option for family offices and high net worth individuals. Fund statistical data published by the Isle of Man Financial Supervision Commission at the end of 2014 indicated that as of September 2014 there were 150 Exempt Schemes registered in the Isle of Man, with a combined net asset value of $60.06bn.

    What is an Isle of Man Exempt Scheme?

    Isle of Man … more

  • IN287 - The Family Office: What, Why and Who?

    Families are becoming more and more mobile. There are many attractive residence schemes available around the world and family members are increasingly living in different countries. As this trend continues the management and control of family wealth across jurisdictions, in a tax efficient manner, becomes even more important.  

    Dixcart provides family office services from a number of offices, … more

  • IN401 - Dixcart Business Centres in Madeira: Serviced Offices for International Companies and for Co-Working

    As an integral part of Portugal, Madeira is a full member of the European Union (EU), which makes activity from within the International Business Centre (IBC) of Madeira an extremely attractive proposition for international companies. A number of unique tax advantages are available to companies licensed to operate in the IBC of Madeira, including a corporate tax rate of 5%. 

    Dixcart has helped a … more

  • IN399 - Base Erosion and Profit Shifting Reform: The Specified Actions and Basic Timetable

    The OECD confirmed the final package of measures regarding the OECD G20 Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (BEPS) initiative on 5 October 2015.

    The OECD objective is to address the gaps and mismatches where corporate profits have been “disappearing” or shifting to low or zero tax jurisdictions, where no real value creation has taken place.

    This Article summarises the various reports that have … more

  • IN398 - Why is Cyprus an Attractive Jurisdiction for the Registration of Aircraft?

    In March 2014 the Cypriot Tax Authorities issued new guidelines for the  registration of private aircraft, making Cyprus one of the most attractive jurisdictions in the European Union.

    The guidelines clarified the VAT treatment provided through the Cyprus Aircraft Leasing Scheme, and the potential VAT rate for aircraft registration in the EU can be effectively reduced to as low as 5% if … more

  • IN397 - Why Establish an International Business Corporation in Nevis and What Are Its Advantages?

    Nevis is a leading international Caribbean financial centre with a good reputation and excellent compliance standards. 

    What Advantages Does Nevis Offer as a Location for the Establishment of an International Business Corporation (IBC)?

    Nevis does not levy VAT or other indirect taxes on IBCs and there is NO income tax, NO capital gains tax, NO wealth tax, NO death duty or inheritance tax.  … more

  • IN385 - Commercial Advantages for Companies Relocating to The Isle of Man

    The Isle of Man offers a financially attractive destination for a wide variety of businesses. Many companies have relocated to the island in recent years because, in comparison to other locations, the Isle of Man can be less expensive and it is also well regulated. This thriving jurisdiction plays host to a flourishing business environment.


    The Isle of Man is situated in the Irish Sea, … more

  • IN380 - Foundations - Why? And Consideration of Various Jurisdictions: Guernsey, The Isle of Man, Malta and Nevis

    Foundations are useful tools in terms of wealth management and asset protection. The jurisdictions of Guernsey, the Isle of Man, Malta and Nevis are attractive locations in which to establish a foundation. Each of these jurisdictions offer a number of potential advantages and the most appropriate jurisdiction will depend upon each specific situation.

    Foundations: A Definition

    A foundation is a … more

  • IN377 - The Isle of Man £50 Million Enterprise Development Fund (EDF) and Other Measures to Encourage Commercial Activity on the Island

    In July 2015, the Isle of Man Government announced that an EDF would be made available and also detailed a number of other measures to assist businesses in the Isle of Man.

    What is the £50 Million EDF?

    The £50million fund, which will eventually be self-sustaining, will provide grant, loan and equity investment to new Isle of Man start-ups, existing expanding Isle of Man businesses and … more

  • IN370 - Incentives to Move Executives and Key Employees to the Isle of Man

    An often forgotten tax concession introduced by the Isle of Man Government is the Key Employee Concession Programme, which was introduced in the 2004 Income Tax Act. It is an incentive by the Isle of Man Government to encourage real substance based businesses to establish themselves on the Isle of Man. This small piece of tax legislation will play an important role in the coming years, … more

  • IN362 - A Small Jurisdiction Punching Above its Weight in the IT Sector: The Isle of Man

    Information and Communications Technology (ICT) is the broad term that covers the use of digital technology to help individuals and organisations to use information. This includes, for example, personal computers, smart phones, digital TVs, email and robots.

    The Isle of Man has become a popular jurisdiction for leading ICT organisations and start ups. During the past 15 years this jurisdiction … more

  • IN356 - The Isle of Man - Leading the Way in Digital Currencies

    Digital Currencies - Increasing Validation

    To the spectators and professionals that considered digital currency to be a fad or a flash in the pan this initial reaction may now need to be reconsidered.

    On 26 February 2015 the Bank of England (BOE) announced that they believe digital currency will revolutionise payment systems for banks. The BOE have announced that, as part of a wider macro … more

  • IN395 - New Malta Residence and Visa Permit Programme

    New Regulations

    The Government of Malta introduced a new “Malta Residence and Visa Programme” at the end of August 2015. This programme is open to non-EU nationals and their dependants who wish to reside or stay indefinitely in Malta.

    The Criteria

    Each applicant must make a three-tier investment.

    1.    Contribution: A €30,000 payment to the Maltese Government AND

    2.    Qualifying Investment: … more

  • IN394 - Citizenship by Investment - The Caribbean Solution

    Individuals and families are becoming increasingly mobile and the ability to hold a second passport is becoming more relevant. The Caribbean is an attractive destination for a number of reasons, including the relaxing lifestyle, beautiful  scenery and the climate. There are also opportunities to hold a second passport, even if the immediate intention is not to relocate to the Caribbean.

    Why do … more

  • IN384 - New Non-Domicile Regime - Making Cyprus Even More Attractive for Individuals

    Why Cyprus?

    Cyprus is becoming an increasingly attractive option for companies and individuals to consider relocating to. Attractive tax incentives exist and Cyprus offers a good corporate and residential location, enviable weather and a sound infrastructure. 


    On 9 July 2015 the Cyprus House of Representatives approved new tax laws which took effect on 16 July 2015. These changes … more

  • IN387 - FinTech: Why Use Guernsey as a Base for Development and Global Operations?

    The global growth in FinTech has been rapid and the sector is predicted to continue this strong pattern of growth.

    The European Commission defines FinTech as “the combination of innovative financial services and the availability of capital through the use of new (digital) technologies, such as crowdfunding”.

    To ensure that the island is well placed to take advantage of the opportunities within … more

  • IN389 - Why Use a Malta Company?

    Malta has experienced a significant increase in the registration of new companies during the past few years and a consistent growth in Gross Domestic Product, boosted by the success of the financial services sector.

    The growth in the financial services sector can be directly attributed to Malta’s generous system of tax refunds and unilateral relief, as well as Malta’s reputation as a compliant … more

  • SA2 - Guernsey: An Attractive Domicile for South African Private Wealth

    Guernsey is one of the leading tax-free jurisdictions for the administration of international private wealth. Although a Crown Dependency and represented internationally by the UK Government, it is autonomous and has its own Parliament and its own tax regime. The island uses the British pound but also issues its own banknotes.

    Guernsey’s finance industry benefits from a firm foundation of … more

  • IN349 - UK Inheritance Tax - Even Non UK Domiciled, Non UK Resident Individuals May Be Exposed

    It is important that UK inheritance tax is taken into careful consideration, in particular by individuals who have assets in the UK. This Article examines how, with careful planning, some UK inheritance tax obligations can be mitigated for certain individuals.

    What is UK Inheritance Tax?

    UK inheritance tax (IHT) is a tax on money or assets held at death, and on some gifts made during a lifetime … more

  • IN383(s) - SUIZA - Un Centro Internacional de Negocios

    A.     Resumen de las principales ventajas que ofrece la jurisdicción de Suiza

    ¿ Que ofrece Suiza como ubicación para empresas o individuos ?

    Situada en el centro de Europa.

    Uno de los países de Europea de lo más estables económicamente y políticamente.

    Una jurisdicción muy respetada con excelente reputación.

    Más de 110 convenios de doble imposición.

    Una larga historia y experiencia en … more

  • IN382 - Low Tax Trading Opportunities Using Cyprus, Malta and the UK

    It is possible for a company to be incorporated in one jurisdiction and to be resident in another. In certain circumstances this can generate tax efficiencies. 

    It is very important to always ensure that the company is properly managed and controlled from the jurisdiction in which it is resident.

    The jurisdictions of Cyprus, Malta and the UK present a number of opportunities, as detailed below. … more

  • IN378 - Why Use Private Trust Companies and Private Trust Foundations?

    A trust is created when an individual (the settlor) transfers ownership of certain assets to another individual or corporation (the trustee) who controls and manages those assets and uses them for the benefit of a specified individual or group of individuals (the beneficiaries).

    Common Dilemmas Faced by Settlors and Trustees


    Many high net worth individuals, when acting as settlors, … more


    Fundações Multiformes da Nevis - Antecedentes

    A Fundação Multiforme Nevis (NMFF) é uma entidade que possui a sua própria identidade legal, com capacidade de processar e de ser processada.

    O regulamento da Fundação Multiforme da Nevis tornou-se lei em 2004, com o objetivo de ser refinado e desenvolvido com base na lei de fundação existente noutras jurisdições.

    Caraterísticas e Benefícios … more


    As famílias abastadas estão familiarizadas com as vantagens que um fundo fiduciário pode oferecer em termos de transferência de riqueza para a próxima geração de uma maneira eficiente. O Grupo Dixcart tem vasta experiência na prestação de serviços fiduciários profissionais em vários locais: Guernsey, Ilha de Man, Malta, Nevis e Suíça. 

    Existem muitos benefícios na utilização de um fundo fiduciá … more

  • IN375 - Portugal's International Business Centre of Madeira - New Regime of Tax Benefits Confirmed

    The IV Regime of Tax Benefits for companies licensed to operate within the Madeira International Business Centre ("MIBC") was confirmed on 3 July 2015 and is now in force.

    New companies can be incorporated in Portugal and authorised to operate under this new regime, with confirmed tax benefits that will remain unchanged until 2027, a period of 12 years.

    Advantages of the New MIBC Tax Regime … more

  • IN372 - The Cyprus Yacht Scheme: April 2015 Revisions and a Further Potential Reduction in the VAT Payable

    Guidelines issued in March 2012 made Cyprus one of the most attractive jurisdictions for yacht registration in the European Union.

    On 30th January 2014 the Cyprus VAT Department updated the guidelines confirming the advantages of the Yacht Scheme and simplifying a number of the procedures.

    What is New?

    On 29th April 2015 the Cyprus VAT Department issued a new circular reducing the applicable … more

  • IN369 - Financial Benefits Available to Individuals Moving to Cyprus to Work or Retire

    Cyprus offers a number of advantages as a location in which to work or retire, the climate and Mediterranean lifestyle being just two of the benefits. In addition Cyprus offers a number of financial incentives. 

    Please refer to the end of this Article for details regarding the criteria for tax residence in Cyprus and the income tax rates applicable in this jurisdiction.

    Income Tax Relief … more

  • IN368 - The Use of a Swiss Trustee: How and Why?

    Trusts originated in England in the 12th century and developed across many Common Law jurisdictions. Trusts are now also used by many Civil Law jurisdictions.

    Switzerland and the Use of Trusts

    Switzerland does not have specific Trust Law, but recognised trusts by the ratification of The Hague Convention on the Law Applicable to Trusts (1985) on 1 July 2007. This recognition led to the amendment … more

  • IN366 - Why are Security Trustee Arrangements Increasingly Popular and Why Choose Dixcart?

    Alternative project finance has become increasingly popular since the financial crisis of 2008. Businesses continue to diversify their funding arrangements by considering alternative finance structures. These structures can take a number of different forms, with the most common being equity and debt based alternative investments.   

    How Can Dixcart Assist with the Organisation of these … more

  • IN365 - Nevis Multiform Foundations - Practical Uses and the Tax Efficiencies Available

    A Nevis Multiform Foundation (NMF) is an entity that has its own legal identity, with the ability to sue and to be sued.

    The Nevis Multiform Foundation Ordinance became law in 2004 with the objective of refining and building on the foundation law existing in other jurisdictions.

    Distinctive Features and Benefits of a NMF 

    The key distinctive feature of a Nevis Foundation in comparison to … more

  • JNI - Formation of a Private Limited Company in Cyprus

    Why Consider the Jurisdiction of Cyprus?

    Cyprus is the third largest and third most populated island in the Mediterranean Sea. It is situated to the east of Greece and to the south of Turkey. Cyprus joined the European Union in 2004 and adopted the euro as the national currency in 2008.

    Factors contributing to and enhancing the status of the jurisdiction of Cyprus include:

    Cyprus is a member … more

  • IN364 - Implications of the Introduction of the UK Diverted Profits Tax (Google Tax)

    The OECD is undertaking ongoing discussions regarding Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (BEPS).

    The UK has acted swiftly and unilaterally as one of the first jurisdictions to introduce a Diverted Profits Tax and it is anticipated that many other jurisdictions will introduce similar provisions.

    What is the UK Diverted Profits Tax?

    On 1 April 2015 the UK introduced its new Diverted Profits Tax ( … more

  • IN363 - The Advantages in Locating a Forex Brokerage Firm in Cyprus

    In 2007 Cyprus adopted the Markets in Financial Instruments Directive (MiFID) which harmonised the regulation of investment services across the European Economic Area. This allows investment firms to operate throughout the European Union on the basis of authorisation in their member state (single passport). 

    In June 2009 the Cyprus Securities and Exchange Commission (CySEC) announced that Forex … more

  • IN360 - Why is Switzerland a Popular Location for Trading Companies?

    Switzerland has a modern market economy and one of the highest per capita GDPs in the world.  With a highly skilled labour force, Switzerland has low unemployment, and highly developed service and manufacturing sectors. Significant industries include: banking, insurance, machinery, chemicals (including health and pharmaceuticals), watches and other precision instruments, as well as a large … more

  • IN359 - Why Have 400 People Applied for Maltese Citizenship in the Past Year?

    In November 2013 Malta introduced the Individual Investor Programme (‘IIP’), which is the only Passport Programme in the European Union that has been approved by the European Commission. 

    This programme, designed for non-EU individuals, has proved to be a resounding success, with over 400 applications received to date from individuals in more than 40 countries.

    Why Malta?

    Malta is a full … more

  • IN357 - The Fast Track Cyprus Permanent Residence Permit and the Benefits it Offers

    From the second half of 2014, new, simplified, fast track procedures were introduced for issuing permits to non EU citizens (and their family members) who wish to invest in Cyprus by purchasing property.

    The procedure should not take longer than two months from the date of the application. Once the permit is issued the applicant's passport is stamped and a certificate is provided indicating that … more

  • IN355 - What is BEPS and What Does It Mean For You?

    BEPS and Issues that Dixcart has been Identifying for Some Time

    Substance based transactions - Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (“BEPS”) is coming!

    For the past 10 years Dixcart has been actively encouraging clients to undertake substance based transactions, and guiding fellow professionals on how to move forward. Dixcart clients have been provided with operational business solutions and … more

  • IN354 - The Benefits of a Swiss Holding Company

    Why are Swiss Holding Companies so Popular? 

    There are many reasons why Switzerland is a favoured location for international business. These include:

    Political, financial, social and economic stability.

    A favourable fiscal environment.

    Geneva and Zug are major centres for commodity trading.

    Excellent business support structures and a wide variety of professionals including: lawyers, … more

  • IN353 - EU Freedom of Establishment Provisions Upheld Versus a Challenge from an EU Member Tax Authority

    The recent first tier tax tribunal case ‘Fisher & Ors Fisher’ has dealt a blow to both UK Transfer of Assets Abroad (“TAA”) Legislation and to Gibraltar. 


    Mr and Mrs Fisher and their son Peter had a UK bookmaking business. They established a Gibraltar company to which they sold their telebetting business.

    The UK tax authorities raised assessments to tax the Fishers under UK TAA … more

  • IN348 - Why Cyprus is an Attractive Choice for the Location of an Investment Management Company

    The regulatory framework in Cyprus, the tax advantages that are available and the 2007 implementation of MiFID in this jurisdiction, make Cyprus one of the most favourable locations for establishing an Investment Management Company.

    The Markets in Financial Instruments Directive (‘’MiFID’’) harmonised the regulation of investment services across the European Economic Area members, allowing … more

  • IN346 - Companies Moving to Malta and the Dixcart Business Centre on the Island: A Success Story

    The opening of the Malta Business Centre in June 2014 has been a great success. Dixcart has assisted organisations with international interests to establish themselves in Malta in a cost effective manner, whilst, where necessary, fully meeting substance requirements. Organisations occupying the Malta Business Centre include start up companies as well as established businesses active across a … more

  • IN326 - Razões para utilizar uma sociedade de Chipre

    Chipre é uma atractiva jurisdição internacional com um excelente regime para as sociedades de holding. A Dixcart possui um escritório em Limassol, podendo organizar eficazmente a formação e gestão de sociedades em Chipre.

    Este ano e até à data foram registadas cerca de 8.000 novas sociedades em Chipre (Janeiro a Setembro de 2014).

    Alguns dos benefícios acessíveis às sociedades estabelecidas em … more